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85% Human Growth Peptides GDF-8 For Body Building,GDF-8 Powder
Growth Differentiation Factor 8 (GDF-8), also known as myostatin, is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily that is expressed specifically in developing and adult skeletal muscle. GDF-8 cDNA encodes a 376 amino acid (aa) prepropeptide with a 24 aa residue signal peptide, a 223 aa residue amino-terminal propeptide, and a 109 aa residue carboxy-terminal mature protein. Mature GDF-8 contains the canonical 7-cysteine motif common to other TGF-beta superfamily members. Similar to the TGF-beta s, activins and BMP-11, GDF-8 also contains one extra pair of cysteine residues that is not found in other family members. The bioactive form of GDF-8 is a homodimer with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 25 kDa. GDF-8 is highly conserved across species. At the amino acid sequence level, mature human, mouse, rat and cow GDF-8 are 100% identical. Within the TGF-beta superfamily, GDF-8 is most closely related to BMP-11, a mammalian protein that acts as a dorsal mesoderm and neural inducer in Xenopus explants. The two proteins share 90% amino acid sequence identity within their mature chain. A targeted disruption of GDF-8 in mouse results in large mice with a widespread increase in skeletal muscle mass, indicating that GDF-8 is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. A mutation in the bovine GDF-8 gene has been shown to be responsible for the double-muscled phenotype in cattle breeds such as Belgian Blue cattle that is characterized by an increase in muscle mass. GDF-8 has also been shown to inhibit preadipocyte differentiation to adipocytes. Mature GDF-8 binds to activin type II receptors and the binding is antagonized by the activin-binding protein, follistatin. R&D Systems recombinant GDF-8 preparations have been shown to act similarly to Activin A in both the Xenopus animal cap and the K562 assays.
|Do not freeze||Ok to freeze|
|Special Instructions||Following reconstitution refrigerate (4℃) for short-term storage or aliquot and freeze (-20℃) for long-term storage. Stock solutions are stable for up to 1 month at 4℃ or for up to 3 months at -20℃.|
|CJC-1295 with DAC||2mg|
|CJC-1295 without DAC||2mg|
|Pentadecapeptide BPC 157||2mg|
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